the courtyard

12:00 AM

Jesus is arrested and taken to the High Priest. 

Those who had arrested Jesus took him to Caiaphas the high priest, where the teachers of the law and the elders had assembled.

Matthew 26:57

"What do you think?” 

“He is worthy of death,”they answered.

Matthew 26:66

Early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the people made their plans how to have Jesus executed. So they bound him, led him away and handed him over to Pilate the governor.

Matthew 27:1-2

Peter Disowns Jesus

Then seizing him, they led him away and took him into the house of the high priest. Peter followed at a distance. And when some there had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard and had sat down together, Peter sat down with them. A servant girl saw him seated there in the firelight. She looked closely at him and said, “This man was with him.” But he denied it. “Woman, I don’t know him,” he said. A little later someone else saw him and said, “You also are one of them.” 

“Man, I am not!” Peter replied. About an hour later another asserted, “Certainly this fellow was with him, for he is a Galilean.”

Peter replied, “Man, I don’t know what you’re talking about!” Just as he was speaking, the rooster crowed. The Lord turned and looked straight at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word the Lord had spoken to him: “Before the rooster crows today, you will disown me three times. ”And he went outside and wept bitterly.

Luke 22:54-62




6:00 AM

Jesus is taken to Pilate. 

So Pilate asked Jesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?” “You have said so,”Jesus replied. Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.”

Luke 23:3-4

When he learned that Jesus was under Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod,who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

Luke 23:7

Pilate sends Jesus to Herod

When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased, because for a long time he had been wanting to see him.From what he had heard about him, he hoped to see him perform a sign of some sort.He plied him with many questions, but Jesus gave him no answer.

Luke 23:8-9

7:00 AM

Herod sends Jesus back to Pilate

Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing him in an elegant robe,they sent him back to Pilate.

Luke 23:11


Pilate condemns Jesus to death, only seven hours after being in the garden. 

While Pilate was sitting on the judge’s seat, his wife sent him this message: “Don’t have anything to do with that innocent man, for I have suffered a great deal today in a dream because of him"...

...“What shall I do, then, with Jesus who is called the Messiah?” Pilate asked.

They all answered, “Crucify him!”

“Why? What crime has he committed?” asked Pilate.

But they shouted all the louder, “Crucify him!”

Matthew 27:19, 22-23

When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere, but that instead an uproar was starting, he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd. “I am innocent of this man’s blood,” he said. “It is your responsibility!” All the people answered, “His blood is on us and on our children!”

Matthew 27:24-25

The Wash Basin

Description of Laver and Jug - 

Some of the Roman lavers (wash basins) were made of costly translucent stone; those built along exterior walls were typically made of common stone. Lavers were also made of bronze and could be highly decorated. Jugs were ceramic, metal or glass. Pilate may have washed his hands in an outdoor fixture, or he may have had a stylish laver brought outside for him to make his gesture. It is possible Pilate simply had a servant pour water from a jug over his hands. 

The Flogging

Then the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him.

Matthew 27:27

Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.

John 19:1

Description of the Flagellum -

The flagellum, or scourge, was customarily used by the Romans on anyone condemned to death. Two or three leather thongs were attached to a handle. Several metal weights with protruding points were tied along each thong, and served to remove the skin of the victim with each blow.

The lector, an official charged with carrying out punishments, would order the soldiers flogging the victim to stop when the victim was near death. The victim had to be kept alive long enough to die by the ordered method of execution. For Jesus, the crowd had demanded crucifixion. 

Prophecy Fulfilled

I offered my back to those who beat me,

my cheeks to those who pulled out my beard;

I did not hide my face

from mocking and spitting.

Isaiah 50:6

Just as there were many who were appalled at him—

his appearance was so disfigured beyond that of any human being

and his form marred beyond human likeness—

Isaiah 52:14

But he was pierced for our transgressions,

he was crushed for our iniquities;

the punishment that brought us peace was on him,

and by his wounds we are healed.

We all, like sheep, have gone astray,

each of us has turned to our own way;

and the Lord has laid on him

the iniquity of us all.

Isaiah 53:5-6

The Robe

They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him,

Matthew 27:28

Description of the Robe -

Purple dye was made from the ink glands of sea snails (Murex) and was very expensive. Purple robes were status symbols worn by the upper class, and are the reason why the nobility were referred to as “the purple.” The fabric would probably have been linen or wool.

The Crown

And then twisted together a crown of thorns and set it on his head. They put a staff in his right hand. Then they knelt in front of him and mocked him. “Hail, king of the Jews!” they said.

Matthew 27:29

Description of the Crown of Thorns -

We do not know which type of thorn was used by the Roman soldiers to weave a crown of thorns. Palestine is unusually rich in acanthous plants. As many as 50 genera and 200 species occur in Palestine and Syria. The cruelty of Romans is demonstrated here in that a soldier would have thought to use thorns to weave a mock crown.

The Reed

Description of the Reed -

Reeds grow in swampy places, but the stem of the reed plant was used in ancient times for making pens, a necessity for Roman administration. The soldiers forced a reed into Jesus’ hand as a mock scepter- a symbol of royal authority. After performing mock worship, they then took the reed and struck Jesus on the head with it to show their contempt for a king who, in their eyes, had no power, no army to command, no loyal followers to defend him. 

8:00 AM

Jesus is taken to Golgotha to be crucified.

Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified.

John 19:16

As the soldiers led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene,who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus.A large number of people followed him, including women who mourned and wailed for him. 

Luke 23:26-27